Advantages and Disadvantages of Different forms of Test Questions

Advantages and Disadvantages of Different forms of Test Questions

It’s good to regularly review the advantages and disadvantages of the very most commonly used test questions additionally the test banks that now frequently provide them.

Multiple-choice questions

  • Easy and quick to score, by hand or electronically
  • Can be written so they test a range that is wide of thinking skills
  • Can cover plenty of content areas on a single exam and nevertheless be answered in a course period
  • Often test skills that are literacy “if the student reads the question carefully, the clear answer is simple to acknowledge regardless if the student knows little in regards to the subject” (p. 194)
  • Provide unprepared students the chance to guess, sufficient reason for guesses which are right, they get credit for things they don’t know
  • Expose students to misinformation that can influence subsequent thinking about the content
  • Take time and skill to create questions that are(especially good

True-false questions

  • Quick and easy to score
  • Regarded as being “one of the most unreliable kinds of assessment” (p. 195)
  • Often written in order for most of the statement is true save one small, often trivial bit of information that then helps make the statement that is whole
  • Encourage guessing, and reward for correct guesses

Short-answer questions

  • Fast and simple to grade
  • Quick and easy to write
  • Encourage students to memorize terms and details, so that their knowledge of the content remains superficial
  • Offer students a way to demonstrate knowledge, skills, and abilities in a variety of ways
  • Can help develop student writing skills, particularly the ability to formulate arguments supported with reasoning and evidence
  • Require extensive time to grade
  • Encourage usage of subjective criteria when assessing answers
  • If found in class, necessitate composition that is quick time for planning or revision, which can end in poor-quality writing

Questions supplied by test banks

  • Save instructors the time and energy involved in writing test questions
  • Utilize the terms and methods that are utilized in the book
  • Rarely involve analysis, synthesis, application, or evaluation (cross-discipline research write my paper for me documents that approximately 85 percent for the questions in test banks test recall)
  • Limit the scope regarding the exam to text content; if used extensively, may lead students to summarize that the material covered in class is irrelevant and unimportant

We tend to think that they are the test that is only options, but there are interesting variations. The article that promoted this review proposes one: Start with a concern, and revise it until it may be answered with one word or a short phrase. Try not to list any answer choices for that single question, but put on the exam an alphabetized list of answers. Students select answers from that list. A number of the answers provided works extremely well more often than once, some may possibly not be used, and there are more answers listed than questions. It’s a ratcheted-up version of matching. The test is made by the approach more challenging and decreases the opportunity to getting an answer correct by guessing.

Remember, students do should be introduced to any new or altered question format before they encounter it on an exam.

Editor’s note: The list of pros and cons comes in part from the article referenced here. It also cites research evidence relevant to several of those pros and cons.

Reference: McAllister, D., and Guidice, R.M. (2012). This really is only a test: A machine-graded improvement towards the multiple-choice and examination that is true-false. Teaching in Higher Education, 17 (2), 193-207.

Reprinted from The Teaching Professor, 28.3 (2014): 8. © Magna Publications. All rights reserved.

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